RedHat升级Python到2.7.6

本网站用的阿里云ECS,推荐大家用。自己搞个学习研究也不错
从今天开始学习Python!看了一下虚拟机RedHat中的python,发现还是原生的2.4.3,所以决定升级一下

[root@linuxidc ~]# python
 Python 2.4.3 (#1, May  5 2011, 16:39:10)
[GCC 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-50)] on linux2
Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license” for more information.
>>>
[root@linuxidc ~]#

1.下载z最新版本的python

[root@linuxidc ~]# wget http://python.org/ftp/python/2.7.6/Python-2.7.6.tgz

2.解压及编译

[root@linuxidc ~]# tar xvf Python-2.7.2.tar.bz2
[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/python27
[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# make
[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# make install

[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# ls /usr/local/python27/ -al
total 28
drwxr-xr-x  6 root root 4096 Mar 21 01:01 .
drwxr-xr-x 13 root root 4096 Mar 21 01:01 ..
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root 4096 Mar 21 01:01 bin
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root 4096 Mar 21 01:01 include
drwxr-xr-x  4 root root 4096 Mar 21 01:01 lib
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root 4096 Mar 21 01:01 share

3.覆盖原有的python链接

[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# mv /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/python_old
[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# ln -s /usr/local/python27/bin/python /usr/bin/
[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# python
Python 2.7.6 (default, Mar 21 2014, 01:00:09)
[GCC 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-44)] on linux2
Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license” for more information.
>>>

此时已经可以正常使用python2.7了,但是因为yum是使用的2.4的版本来用的,现在输入一下yum就会报错

[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# yum
There was a problem importing one of the Python modules
required to run yum. The error leading to this problem was:

  No module named yum

Please install a package which provides this module, or
verify that the module is installed correctly.

It’s possible that the above module doesn’t match the
current version of Python, which is:
2.7.6 (default, Mar 21 2014, 01:00:09)
[GCC 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.2-44)]

If you cannot solve this problem yourself, please go to
the yum faq at:
  http://wiki.linux.duke.edu/YumFaq

5.修改yum

[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# vim /usr/bin/yum

#!/usr/bin/python  #修改此处为2.4的位置

[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# vim /usr/bin/yum

#!/usr/bin/python2.4

yum 可以使用了!

[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]# yum
Loaded plugins: rhnplugin, security
You need to give some command
usage: yum [options] COMMAND

List of Commands:

check-update  Check for available package updates
clean          Remove cached data
deplist        List a package’s dependencies
erase          Remove a package or packages from your system
groupinfo      Display details about a package group
groupinstall  Install the packages in a group on your system
grouplist      List available package groups
groupremove    Remove the packages in a group from your system
help          Display a helpful usage message
info          Display details about a package or group of packages
info-security  Returns security data for the packages listed, that affects your system
install        Install a package or packages on your system
list          List a package or groups of packages
list-security  Returns security data for the packages listed, that affects your system
localinstall  Install a local RPM
makecache      Generate the metadata cache
provides      Find what package provides the given value
reinstall      reinstall a package
repolist      Display the configured software repositories
resolvedep    Determine which package provides the given dependency
search        Search package details for the given string
shell          Run an interactive yum shell
update        Update a package or packages on your system
update-minimal Works like update, but goes to the ‘newest’ package match which fixes a problem that affects your system
upgrade        Update packages taking obsoletes into account

options:
  -h, –help            show this help message and exit
  -t, –tolerant        be tolerant of errors
  -C                    run entirely from cache, don’t update cache
  -c  [config file]    config file location
  -R  [minutes]        maximum command wait time
  -d  [debug level]    debugging output level
  –showduplicates      show duplicates, in repos, in list/search commands
  -e  [error level]    error output level
  -q, –quiet          quiet operation
  -v, –verbose        verbose operation
  -y                    answer yes for all questions
  –version            show Yum version and exit
  –installroot=[path]  set install root
  –enablerepo=[repo]  enable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
  –disablerepo=[repo]  disable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
  -x [package], –exclude=[package]
                        exclude package(s) by name or glob
  –disableexcludes=[repo]
                        disable exclude from main, for a repo or for
                        everything
  –obsoletes          enable obsoletes processing during updates
  –noplugins          disable Yum plugins
  –nogpgcheck          disable gpg signature checking
  –disableplugin=[plugin]
                        disable plugins by name
  –enableplugin=[plugin]
                        enable plugins by name
  –skip-broken        skip packages with depsolving problems
  –security            Include security relevant packages
  –cve=CVE            Include packages needed to fix the given CVE
  –bz=BZ              Include packages needed to fix the given BZ
  –advisory=ADVISORY  Include packages needed to fix the given advisory
[root@linuxidc Python-2.7.6]#

Python 的详细介绍请点这里
Python 的下载地址请点这里

推荐阅读:

《Python开发技术详解》.( 周伟,宗杰).[高清PDF扫描版+随书视频+代码] http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-11/92693.htm

Python脚本获取Linux系统信息 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88531.htm

更多RedHat相关信息见RedHat</sp

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