Python调用API接口的几种方式

本网站用的阿里云ECS,推荐大家用。自己搞个学习研究也不错
相信做过自动化运维的同学都用过API接口来完成某些动作。API是一套成熟系统所必需的接口,可以被其他系统或脚本来调用,这也是自动化运维的必修课。

本文主要介绍Python中调用API的几种方式,下面是Python中会用到的库。

– urllib2

– httplib2

– pycurl

– requests

1.urllib2

– Sample1

import urllib2, urllib

github_url = ‘https://api.github.com/user/repos’

password_manager = urllib2.HTTPPasswordMgrWithDefaultRealm()

password_manager.add_password(None, github_url, ‘user’, ‘***’)

auth = urllib2.HTTPBasicAuthHandler(password_manager) # create an authentication handler

opener = urllib2.build_opener(auth) # create an opener with the authentication handler

urllib2.install_opener(opener) # install the opener…

request = urllib2.Request(github_url, urllib.urlencode({‘name’:’Test repo’, ‘description’: ‘Some test repository’})) # Manual encoding required

handler = urllib2.urlopen(request)

print handler.read()

  – Sample2

import urllib2

url = ‘http://ems.vip.ebay.com/removeSIforcloud.cgi?ip=’ + ip

req = urllib2.Request(url)

req.add_header(‘IAF’,abc.token_authiaas)

try:

    resp = urllib2.urlopen(req)

except urllib2.HTTPError, error:

    print “Cannot remove service instance!”, error

    sys.exit(1)

response = resp.read()

print response

  – Sample3

import urllib2, urllib, base64

url = “https://reparo.stratus.ebay.com/reparo/bootstrap/registerasset/” + rackid + “/” + asset

data = urllib.urlencode({

                ‘reservedResource’:’RR-Hadoop‘,

                ‘resourceCapability’:’Production’,

                ‘movetoironic’:’False’,

                ‘output’:’json’

        })

print “Bootstrap Asset jobs starting …………..”

base64string = base64.encodestring(‘%s:%s’ % (user, passwd)).replace(‘\n’, ”)

request = urllib2.Request(url, data, headers={“Authorization” : “Basic %s” % base64string})

response = urllib2.urlopen(request).read()

response_json = json.loads(response)

response_status = response_json[‘status’]

status_code = response_status[‘statusCode’]

status = response_status[‘status’]

message = response_status[‘message’]         

print status_code , status, message

2. httplib2

import urllib, httplib2

github_url = ‘

h = httplib2.Http(“.cache”)

h.add_credentials(“user”, “******”, ”

data = urllib.urlencode({“name”:”test”})

resp, content = h.request(github_url, “POST”, data)

print content

3. pycurl

import pycurl, json

github_url = ”

user_pwd = “user:*****”

data = json.dumps({“name”: “test_repo”, “description”: “Some test repo”})

c = pycurl.Curl()

c.setopt(pycurl.URL, github_url)

c.setopt(pycurl.USERPWD, user_pwd)

c.setopt(pycurl.POST, 1)

c.setopt(pycurl.POSTFIELDS, data)

c.perform()

4. requests

import requests, json

github_url = ”

data = json.dumps({‘name’:’test’, ‘description’:’some test repo’})

r = requests.post(github_url, data, auth=(‘user’, ‘*****’))

print r.json

以上几种方式都可以调用API来执行动作,但requests这种方式代码最简洁,最清晰,建议采用。

下面关于Python的文章您也可能喜欢,不妨看看:

Python:在指定目录下查找满足条件的文件  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-08/121283.htm

Python2.7.7源码分析  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-08/121168.htm

无需操作系统直接运行 Python 代码  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-05/117357.htm

CentOS上源码安装Python3.4  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-01/111870.htm

《Python核心编程 第二版》.(Wesley J. Chun ).[高清PDF中文版] http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/85425.htm

《Python开发技术详解》.( 周伟,宗杰).[高清PDF扫描版+随书视频+代码] http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-11/92693.htm

Python脚本获取Linux系统信息 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88531.htm

Ubuntu下用Python搭建桌面算法交易研究环境 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-11/92534.htm

Python 语言的发展简史 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-09/107206.htm

Python 的详细介绍请点这里
Python 的下载地址请点这里

未经允许不得转载:演道网 » Python调用API接口的几种方式

赞 (0)
分享到:更多 ()

评论 0

评论前必须登录!

登陆 注册