在Mac OSX系统的Docker机上启用Docker远程API功能-演道网

本网站用的阿里云ECS,推荐大家用。自己搞个学习研究也不错
Docker守护进程提供了一套远程REST API,具体可以参考文档:https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/api/docker_remote_api/

这套API是提供给客户端与Docker引擎通信时使用,这套API也可以由其他工具调用,比如curl或Chrome浏览器的Postman REST客户端工具。

如果是在Mac OSX Mavericks系统上使用Docker机创建Docker守护进程,那么要启用Docker远程API功能需要一定的技巧。下面一一道来。

可以使用curl工具连接到安全的Docker端口,命令如下:

$ curl https://$HOST:2376/images/json 
  --cert ~/.docker/cert.pem 
  --key ~/.docker/key.pem 
  --cacert ~/.docker/ca.pem

此命令存在一定的问题。主要有:
1)命令可能不工作,因为每一个Docker机的证书存储在.docker/machine/machines/目录。
2)即使命令根据路径做了修改,比如:

curl https://192.168.99.100:2376/images/json --cert $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/cert.pem --key $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/key.pem --cacert $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/ca.pem

执行命令仍然会得到错误信息:

curl: (58) SSL: Can't load the certificate "/Users/arungupta/.docker/machine/machines/couchbase/cert.pem" and its private key: OSStatus -25299

解决方法是需要更新curl工具。总的来说,最新版的curl工具使用了Apple的安全传输层API(Secure Transport API),取代了原先的OpenSSL API。这意味着证书必须是p12格式。

下面可以这样修复命令:
1)进入Docker机存放证书的目录,比如.docker/machine/machines/couchbase目录
2)生成*.p12格式的证书

openssl pkcs12 -export 
-inkey key.pem 
-in cert.pem 
-CAfile ca.pem 
-chain 
-name client-side 
-out cert.p12 
-password pass:mypass

现在可以调用REST API了:

curl https://192.168.99.100:2376/images/json --cert $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/cert.p12 --pass mypass --key $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/key.pem --cacert $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/ca.pem

注意,–cert参数现在指向了生成的p12证书,证书的密码使用–pass参数进行指定。

然后会得到如下结果:

[{"Id":"sha256:d38beda529d3274636d6cb1c9000afe4f00fbdcfa544140d6cc0f5d7f5b8434a","ParentId":"","RepoTags":["arungupta/couchbase:latest"],"RepoDigests":null,"Created":1450330075,"Size":374824677,"VirtualSize":374824677,"Labels":{}}]

现在可以尝试启动CouchBase服务器:

~ > docker run -d -p 8091-8093:8091-8093 -p 11210:11210 arungupta/couchbase
42d1414883affd0fbb272cb1378c2f6b5118acf3ed5cb60cbecdc42f95602e3e

再调用另一个REST API来查看容器的细节内容:

~ > curl https://192.168.99.100:2376/containers/json --cert $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/cert2.p12 --pass mypass --key $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/key.pem --cacert $DOCKER_CERT_PATH/ca.pem
[{"Id":"42d1414883affd0fbb272cb1378c2f6b5118acf3ed5cb60cbecdc42f95602e3e","Names":["/admiring_pike"],"Image":"arungupta/couchbase","ImageID":"sha256:d38beda529d3274636d6cb1c9000afe4f00fbdcfa544140d6cc0f5d7f5b8434a","Command":"/entrypoint.sh /opt/couchbase/configure-cluster.sh","Created":1454850194,"Ports":[{"IP":"0.0.0.0","PrivatePort":8092,"PublicPort":8092,"Type":"tcp"},{"PrivatePort":11207,"Type":"tcp"},{"IP":"0.0.0.0","PrivatePort":11210,"PublicPort":11210,"Type":"tcp"},{"PrivatePort":18092,"Type":"tcp"},{"PrivatePort":18091,"Type":"tcp"},{"IP":"0.0.0.0","PrivatePort":8093,"PublicPort":8093,"Type":"tcp"},{"IP":"0.0.0.0","PrivatePort":8091,"PublicPort":8091,"Type":"tcp"},{"PrivatePort":11211,"Type":"tcp"}],"Labels":{},"Status":"Up 2 seconds","HostConfig":{"NetworkMode":"default"},"NetworkSettings":{"Networks":{"bridge":{"IPAMConfig":null,"Links":null,"Aliases":null,"NetworkID":"","EndpointID":"6feaf4c1c70feaf0ba240ce55fb58ce83ebb84c8098bef9171998e84f607fa0b","Gateway":"172.17.0.1","IPAddress":"172.17.0.2","IPPrefixLen":16,"IPv6Gateway":"","GlobalIPv6Address":"","GlobalIPv6PrefixLen":0,"MacAddress":"02:42:ac:11:00:02"}}}}]

更多Docker相关教程见以下内容: 

Docker安装应用(CentOS 6.5_x64) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104595.htm 

Ubuntu 14.04安装Docker  http://www.linuxidc.com/linux/2014-08/105656.htm 

Ubuntu使用VNC运行基于Docker的桌面系统  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-08/121170.htm 

阿里云CentOS 6.5 模板上安装 Docker http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-11/109107.htm 

Ubuntu 15.04下安装Docker  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-07/120444.htm 

在Ubuntu Trusty 14.04 (LTS) (64-bit)安装Docker http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-10/108184.htm 

在 Ubuntu 15.04 上如何安装Docker及基本用法 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-09/122885.htm 

Docker 的详细介绍请点这里
Docker 的下载地址请点这里

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